A naturalistic look, so frequent today, considers that only what follows the empirical method is scientific. And, thus, we find that questions about what is properly human – the origin and the end of all things, their meaning, good and evil – do not find space in that reduced notion of science and are displaced to the realm of what is subjective and opinionable. That is why Benedict XVI, in his speech at the University of Regensburg, called for a broadening of reason that allows us to overcome the limitation that science imposes on itself by reducing itself to what can be verified with experimentation, so that let us reopen the horizons of reason in all its breadth.
The Francisco de Vitoria University and the Joseph Ratzinger Foundation annually convene the Open Reason Awards with the aim of recognizing those research and teaching innovation works carried out from an expanded reason, as proposed by Benedict XVI. They also organize an international congress every year in which professors and researchers from around the world and from all areas of knowledge meet and share advances, difficulties and proposals for a transformation of university work based on the broadening of reason.
In this volume, the presentations of the winners and a selection of the communications presented to the congress are collected. All this reflects an authentically university search, carried out under the inspiration of Ratzinger’s thought, integrating reason and faith on the way to the unity of knowledge and linking the particular sciences with philosophy and theology, without avoiding the underlying questions. It is the determination that moves the Francisco de Vitoria University, with the full conviction that this way of proceeding is typical of every university — the house where the truth is sought — and very especially of a university that identifies itself as Catholic; In other words, it is born from the experience of having found the source of all truth.
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